Save the dates!
|December 14, 2015||Climate change: new frontier for innovation?||Cité des sciences et de l’Industrie, Paris|
|February 25-26, 2016||Industrial Innovation Strategies and Dynamics of Sustainable Entrepreneurship – S(i)IDE(d)||Dunkerque|
|March 21, 2016||Spring of Innovation: Smart Territories
||Cité des sciences et de l’Industrie, Paris|
|May 20, 2016||Piloting innovations||Montpellier|
|June 9-11, 2016||20 Years of Innovations – Trajetories’ Dynamic||Cité des sciences et de l’Industrie, Paris|
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Special issue: Journal of Innovation Economics & Management
- Submission of abstract: November 30, 2015
There will be 2 issues: 1 in English & 1 in French. Pour télécharger l’appel à communications pour la revue Innovations. Revue d’économie et de management de l’innovation : http://rrifr.univ-littoral.fr/?p=27
“Industrial short supply chains, innovation and integrated territorial development” by Fedoua KASMI*
Historically, short supply chains have emerged in France before the First World War, but have gradually declined during the twentieth century with urban sprawl, the division of labor, transport development and internationalization of markets. Nevertheless they have been redeveloped since the early 2000s in various innovative forms and are now the subject of several studies (including INRA, Institut CDC pour la recherche…). The concept of short supply chains was first applied in the context of Agriculture and Food (« short food supply chains ») to express the proximity between the producer and the consumer, but it can be associated with other objects based on the optimization of the use of local resources, including: industrial ecology, circular economy, collaborative economy, recycling, energy, eco-industries, transport, innovation, financial circuits, heritage restoration, etc.
Short supply chains are based on a systemic and integrated vision of territorial development. Their functioning relies mainly on three dimensions of proximity that are the source of agglomeration effects (cost savings, common infrastructures, knowledge sharing, etc.): a geographic dimension that refers to a spatial distance, an organizational dimension that refers to the exchange capacity between actors and a cognitive dimension that refers to the collective learning capacity. In this sense, short supply chains can be generators of innovations on the territory and contribute to its revitalization.
Innovations generated by short supply chains approaches are not only technical, but also organizational and social. They are based on the combination of local resources and can be a dynamic tool for creating new products, services or processes; maintenance and creation of new sectors and activities in the territory (new companies attracted by the positive externalities realized); organization of new networks (new connections between businesses and communities); social and professional reintegration and creating synergies between territories. They thereby foster the pooling of resources and their complementary capacities. The development of short supply chains requires indeed articulation of territorial scales (local, regional, national, or even international).
But, the development of short supply chains faces several obstacles: relational barriers due to the lack of information and communication; financial barriers due to the amortization of investments in the long term and significant financing needs; economic obstacles related to the presence of additional costs mainly upstream of the process and barriers in terms of competence and qualification needs.
The governance of projects in short supply chains can play an important role in their development, but also in reducing these barriers. It must allow the interaction of different actors. On one hand, public institutions can assist economic actors in the long term, by implementing supporting programs for the development of integrated approaches by short supply chains. On the other hand, private actors can develop links between them and establish regular exchanges in order to manage projects in short supply chains, thereby contributing to an integrated territorial development.
* Clersé, ULCO, Research Network on Innovation
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