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Next seminars! Save the dates!

Nov. 14, 2016 Permanent seminar
Education: the base of economic development in Africa
L’Harmattan, Paris
Dec. 12, 2016 Innovation Show
The protection of intellectual property in globalization
Cité des sciences et de l’Industrie, Paris
Feb. 15-17, 2017 Permanent seminar
Network Innovative Strategies and Academic Entrepreneurial Dynamics – SI(R)DE(A)
Dunkerque
Mar. 27, 2017 Spring of Innovation
Foods and biodiversity
Cité des sciences et de l’Industrie, Paris
May 2017 Decentralized seminar
Responsable innovation
Montpellier
Jun. 12, 2017 Innovation Day
Morden Times 2: Innovation, at the frontiers of work and no work
Cité des sciences et de l’Industrie, Paris
August 2017 RNI Summer School
Agile Innovation
Nancy

Our events:

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RNI Registration Form 2015

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Call for papers

JIEM

Special issue: Journal of Innovation Economics & Management

Titre: Climate Change: New frontier for innovation?

  • Submission of full paper: September 30, 2016

Titre: Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Diversity: Beyond gender, are there new perspectives? 

  • Deadline for complete manuscript: March 30, 2017

 

There is also one call for the French version of the journal. Pour télécharger l’appel à communications pour la revue Innovations. Revue d’économie et de management de l’innovation : http://rrifr.univ-littoral.fr/?p=27

Editorial by RNI, September 2016

“French competitiveness clusters, promoters of innovative entrepreneurship?”, by Hélène Perrin Boulonne*

A competitiveness cluster(1) gathers on a specific territory and on particular fields, small and large firms, research laboratories and training institutions. This is an application of Porter’s cluster(2): a group of interconnected companies and associated institutions situated in a geographical proximity and a particular field, linked by common elements and externalities. Competition and co-operation arising from the groups have a positive impact on local firms as a result of higher productivity, better innovative capabilities and greater number of new firms. The competitiveness cluster has a strong territorial dimension, and is a major instrument for public policies actions to address innovation and economic growth.

The French public policies on competitiveness clusters, aiming to promote equality between territories, have resulted in the concentration of high potential of public and private R&D on several locations throughout the national territory. 71 clusters have been approved from 2004 to 2007. In 2011, the clusters gather 7500 firms of which 86% are SMEs. The R&D carried out by members of clusters represents 12% of total French R&D expenditures. For some regions, the clusters play a central role on the structuring of research effort. This is the case in Limousin and Haute Normandie where near half of the regional R&D is conducted in the clusters. For other regions traditionally with stronger R&D culture, the concentration of research effort in the clusters is less impressive, with only around 6% in Paris region and Midi Pyrénées.

The transformation of knowledge into marketable products and services which is beneficial to local economic activities comes from firms and entrepreneurs. A study(3) from French statistical institute (INSEE 2013) shows that “the participation of SMEs and middle-sized firms in clusters from 2006 to 2009 seems limited to additional R&D expenditures with no evidence of a meaningful commercial impact or improvement of production processes”. This result can be explained by the difficulties of funding linked to new products development, which is particularly true for start-ups and SMEs. Financing is a key element to promote an innovative entrepreneurship. It is mainly provided by venture capital.
Two elements encourage the emergence of innovative entrepreneurship: a friendly environment and the access to financing. Regarding the environmental dimension, the competitiveness cluster provides several advantages by increasing research potential, encouraging spillover effects and the emergence of high quality entrepreneurial projects. By linking together different stakeholders, the cluster plays a positive role in boosting innovative entrepreneurship.

Concerning the financing dimension, we observe that private actors have not necessarily a policy of territorial deployment and are concentrated in Paris and to a lesser extend in Lyon Region. The venture capital mapping does not match with the one of the clusters , which may hinder considerably the development of innovative entrepreneurship.

However, the missions given to the competitiveness clusters do not include the implementation or the support to the development of a venture capital market, even if the venture capital has been recognized as catalyst in several academic studies. But, in the case of an existing venture capital market (presence of investor and entrepreneurs), the competitiveness clusters may therefore reduce information asymmetries by labelling firms. This is the aim of the scheme “Innovative Firms of the Cluster” (EIP) created in 2010. The objective is to provide more visibility to the high growth potential SMEs of the clusters: “it is a question of accelerating the access to private financing thanks to a preparatory phase and the promotion to venture capitalists”.

The R&D, necessary condition to the existence of a virtuous circle in terms of territorial innovative dynamics, is certainly present in the competitiveness clusters. The level of venture capital investment is steadily growing in France due to various public policies. However, there are no available data for measuring the presence of an innovative entrepreneurship in the clusters. On this specific subject, we can only underline the conceptual driving force of the clusters (See: http://www.openscience.fr/Numero-1-221). The competitiveness clusters are nevertheless a promoter of innovative entrepreneurship.

* Université du Littoral Côte d’Opale, Clersé CNRS UMR 8039 / Research Network on Innovation
(1) Pôle de compétitivité
(2) Porter, M. (1990). The Competitive Advantage of Nations. Macmillan, London, U.K.
(3) Ellégo, C.B. & Ernadet, D.O., 2013. La participation aux pôles de compétitivité : quels effets pour les PME et ETI ? INSEE, Direction des Études et Synthèses Économiques, Document de travail, G 2013/0.

New WP and Report

Latest Working Paper

N51 The dynamics of the territorial evolution. Entrepreneurs and territorial knowledge capital, Blandine LAPERCHE, Hélène PERRIN BOULONNE

N50 Industrial and innovation policies for the development of environmental technologies in China, Zeting Liu

Report

The sustainable entrepreneurial territory. The case of Dunkirk (North, France)
Final report January 2015  – Part 1  – Part 2APart 2B

Directed by  Sophie Boutillier, Blandine Laperche et Dimitri Uzunidis
Authors:  Sophie Boutillier, Antje Burmeister, Blandine Laperche, Céline Merlin-Brogniart, Dimitri Uzunidis, Fédoua Kasmi

Population Ageing and geront’innovations
Final report of August 2015

Directed by Bandine Laperche et Dimitri Uzunidis
Authors : Sophie Boutillier, Philippe Chagnon, Faridah Djellal, Marc Ingham, Blandine Laperche, Fabienne Picard, Sophie Reboud, Corinne Tanguy, Dimitri Uzunidis

 

The RRI’s reviews : just published…

Innovation sur mesure

Innovations. Revue d’Economie et de Management de l’Innovation

n°51, 2016/3

Editeur: De Boeck Supérieur

Grassroots Innovation Processes

Journal of Innovation Economics & Management

n°21, 2016/3

Editeur: De Boeck Supérieur

Le sport aux frontières du marché du travail

Sous la direction de Sébastien Fleuriel

Marché et Organisations

n°27, 2016/3

Editeur: L’Harmattan

Just published: books

Le cycle des crises aux Etats-Unis depuis 1929. Essai de systématisation de la conjoncture

Robin Goodfellow

L’Esprit Économique – Krisis

L’Harmattan – Juin 2016

Innovations and Techno-ecological Transition

Fabienne Picard, Corinne Tanguy

Smart Innovation Set – Volume 7

ISTE – September 2016

Microéconomie. Une approche critique. Théorie et exercices

Jean Vercherand

Collections : Business and Innovation

Peter Lang – Année de publication 2016

 

Events from partners

N° Spécial « La défaillance et l’échec des PME »
Date limite d’envoi des propositions d’article (version complète) : 30 janvier 2017

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Groupe thématique « Innovation » de l’AIMS
Journées de Lyon, 15 et 16 septembre 2016

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11-12 July 2016, Nice (France)

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Lieu : Toulouse
Date de limite de dépôt de candidature : 8 juillet 2016

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Venue: 6-8 July 2016, Montreal, Canada

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Organized by the BETA, Bureau for Economic Theory and Applications
Nancy, France, on June 27-29, 2016

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Dans le cadre de la chaire – Action-Ingénieurs-Ingénieux de l’Institut Gaston Berger
16-17 juin 2016, INSA, Lyon
Télécharger le programme

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Organized by CEDAG, with the partnership of Academie de l’Entrepreneuriat et de l’Innovation (AEI)
June 13 2016, Paris Descartes University
Online registration

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Journée organisée par l’IRIAF et le CRIEF
9-10 June 2016, Niort (France)

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6ème Journées Geoges Doriot
Date: May 19-20, 2016
Place: UCL (campus de Mons), Belgique

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Date: May 6-7, 2016
Place: Hammamet, Tunisia
Contact: adel.ben-youssef@gredeg.cnrs.fr

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Revue Terminal – Technologie de l’information, culture & société
Date limite de dépôt des propositions d’articles : 15 mars 2016 à industrie-numerique-terminal@mlistes.telecom-bretagne.eu